Organ donation is a viable option for all people, but individuals below 18 years old need a parent's consent, and it involves communicating with a transplant team as a living donor or registering with the state donor registry to become a donor post-death, reports WebMD. People who wish to donate their organs after death can also submit an organ donor card when obtaining or renewing their driver's licenses.
When it comes to living donors, donating an organ does not lead to health issues in the long term, notes WebMD. It is possible to donate an entire kidney or portions of a lung, liver, intestine or pancreas without experiencing health problems. Transplant teams determine if donors are healthy enough to donate organs, and they decline organ donation if the process puts the health of donors at risk.
Individuals with serious health conditions, such as cancer or the human immunodeficiency virus, are often not eligible to donate as living donors or after death, according to WebMD. Transplanting an organ is typically easier if a donor and recipient have matching blood and tissue types; however, some transplant centers perform organ transplantation even if the donor and recipient do not have matching blood types.
Transplant centers provide special treatments to ensure the recipient's body does not reject the new organ, explains WebMD. Organ donation does not provide any monetary compensation to a living donor, but transplant programs, insurance providers and recipients usually cover hospital costs.