After a dilation and curettage, women can expect to spend a short time in the clinic or hospital recovering from the procedure and anesthetic, reports Mayo Clinic. For a few days, they may experience cramps, mild pain, and light bleeding or spotting. Their next period may not be on schedule, and they should refrain from sexual activity and attempting new pregnancy until their doctors tells them it's safe.
During a dilation and curettage, women may receive general anesthesia, which puts them completely to sleep; regional anesthesia, which takes away feeling in the lower half of their bodies; or local anesthesia, which numbs only the area around the cervix, explains WebMD. After general anesthesia, women may feel nausea or may vomit, and their throats may be sore from breathing tubes inserted into the windpipe, points out Mayo Clinic. Aftereffects of regional or local anesthetic are milder, but women may experience several hours of drowsiness. To alleviate mild pain, doctors may recommend medication such as ibuprofen. In addition to abstaining from sex, women should not use tampons or allow anything else to enter the uterus that might cause an infection.
Women should contact their doctors if they have complications after a dilation and curettage procedure, such as fever, pain, heavy bleeding, sore abdomen or vaginal discharge, according to WebMD. Very rarely, the uterus may form scar tissue, which can cause infertility if surgery does not correct it.