Some things that elevate triglycerides include obesity and not controlling diabetes correctly, according to WebMD. Eating a lot of sugar or carbohydrates and drinking a lot of alcohol may also cause high triglycerides.
It is also possible that conditions such as kidney disease, hypothyroidism and some inherited lipid disorders may elevate triglycerides, as WebMD explains. Estrogen replacement therapy may raise triglycerides in women, and other medications, such as steroids, beta blockers, birth control pills and diuretics also have the potential to raise triglycerides. In some cases, triglycerides may rise on their own, but this is very rare, and in most cases, there is a cause.
There are a number of risks that may come to those who have high triglycerides, such as stroke, heart attack and diabetes, states WebMD. This is due to the increased risk of high triglycerides, high blood pressure, high blood sugar and low levels of good cholesterol.
Diet and exercise may help to lower high triglycerides. Additionally, losing weight and being more active as well as limiting sugar and fat may also help, claims WebMD. There are also medications that can lower triglycerides, which are especially useful for those who have risk factors for coronary artery disease. However, before using medications to lower triglycerides, a doctor may suggest medications to lower bad cholesterol and raise good cholesterol.