While there is no specific treatment for dengue fever, doctors may advise patients with mild cases to drink fluids to stay hydrated and take pain relievers, such as acetaminophen, notes Mayo Clinic. Patients with severe cases of dengue fever may need intravenous fluids, blood pressure monitoring, blood transfusions and hospital care. People with the disease should avoid aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen sodium, as these drugs can lead to bleeding complications.
Dengue fever is a disease carried by mosquitoes, and it can cause high fever, rash, and muscle and joint pain, according to Mayo Clinic. In more severe cases, people with the disease suffer from severe bleeding and sudden drops in blood pressure that can lead to death. People in subtropical areas, such as Southeast Asia and islands in the western Pacific, have the highest risk of contracting the disease, though it also occurs in Latin America and the Caribbean. There is no vaccine for dengue fever, as of 2015, and people who have recently traveled to places where the disease occurs and start to display symptoms should seek medical treatment.
People who have had one form of dengue fever develop immunity to that strain, but they may still contract the other three dengue viruses spread through mosquito bites, notes Mayo Clinic. People who have been infected once are at higher risk of suffering from a more severe form of the disease if they become infected again.