Rapid Eye Movement sleep behaviour disorder is treated with a combination of medications such as melatonin or clonazepam, and various physical safeguards including floor padding and window protection. Doctors often recommend that changes be made to the sleeping environment to make it safer for the patient, states Mayo Clinic
Other changes that can be made to the sleeping environment include removing any dangerous items from the room, placing barriers along the side of the bed, and moving furniture away from the bed, notes Mayo Clinic.
According to Mayo Clinic, the dietary supplement melatonin can reduce or eliminate symptoms but can cause patients to feel groggy in the morning. Clonazepam is a prescription medication and is the traditional choice for treating rapid eye movement sleep disorder. The side effects of clonazepam include daytime sleepiness, decreased balance and worsening of sleep apnea. Clonazepam is also used to treat anxiety.
The exact cause of rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder is still unknown, as of 2015, but it may occur in association with various degenerative neurological conditions like Parkinson's disease, states WebMD.
WebMD notes that rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder is more common in middle-aged and elderly people and occurs more often in men than women.