Termites do not bite humans, but some species like the Formosan termites have pincers or mandibles that they can use to pinch humans. Even with mandibles, it is still rare for termites to attack humans with them and the pinch from such termites do not cause any infections or transmit any diseases.
Termites are similar to ants and some species of bees and wasps in that they have certain castes that are assigned a particular role in a given colony. These castes are the reproductives, the workers and the soldiers. Reproductives include the queen, which can lay between 20,000 to 30,000 eggs a day, and the king, which will continue to mate with the queen for life. The workers forage and store food, take care of the brood and are responsible for nest maintenance. Soldiers are tasked with defending the colony from predation, primarily from ants.
While termites do not pose health risks to humans, they can cause serious damage to wooden structures. They can easily eat through most types of wood, which can compromise its structural integrity and possibly result in high repair costs. Fecal pellets from termites are one of the more common signs of a termite infestation. Pest control experts should be consulted if any signs of termite presence are found in a building.