According to Planned Parenthood, it is possible to end a pregnancy at home by having a medication abortion. This method relies on two different medications to terminate the pregnancy first and then cause the uterus to empty.
After verifying that a patient is pregnant and that the fetus is not lodged in the fallopian tubes, the doctor prescribes mifepristone, Planned Parenthood explains. Mifepristone blocks the hormone progesterone, without which the uterus lining breaks down. This prevents the mother’s body from nourishing the fetus, effectively ending the pregnancy. From one to three days after taking the mifepristone, the doctor prescribes misoprostol, which causes the uterus to shed its lining and empty. During this process, patients often experience strong cramping and excessive bleeding. The uterus empties within four or five hours for most patients, but it can take several days for some women. The nationwide average cost for the medication abortion is between $300 and $800.
Over-the-counter herbal products can induce spontaneous abortion at home. According to DNAinfo New York, such herbal products may cause health risks for mothers as the products have not been studied properly. One common substance, pennyroyal, is often used to induce an abortion, but as MedlinePlus explains, the high doses necessary to cause an abortion can cause irreversible kidney or liver damage to the mother.