Pyosalpinx refers to an accumulation of pus in a Fallopian tube. This can develop as a result of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), states Radiopaedia. Pelvic inflammatory disease is an infection that may be linked to a risk factor, such as bacteria associated with sexually transmitted diseases.
Some types of bacteria connected to this condition can be Neisseria gonorrhoeae, streptococcus and chlamydia trachomatis, states Pathology Outlines. When the infection travels from the vagina to the Fallopian tubes, it can cause inflammation, and this is referred to as salpingitis, according to Merck Manual. While pyosalpinx occurs when pus forms in one tube, hydrosalpinx is the accumulation of fluid in this region.
This medical condition can develop in women who are of childbearing age. The symptoms of PID with acute salpingitis, which also can develop in both tubes, are pelvic pain, a fever, some type of vaginal discharge and possible back pain. The condition is diagnosed through the use of ultrasound and WBC blood count tests. The blood test can show if there is an increase in white blood cells due to an infection.
To treat this condition that involves a bacterial infection, doctors can prescribe antibiotics. There is a chance that the pus-filled tube may rupture, which would spread bacteria into the abdominal region. This complication requires a surgical procedure called a laparotomy, relates Merck Manual.