A tendon affected by tenosynovitis needs rest while inflammation subsides, and a brace or splint may be necessary to keep the area still, MedlinePlus states. A hot or cold pack can reduce pain, and doctors may recommend corticosteroid injections or over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen.
Tenosynovitis occurs when the lining of the sheath that surrounds a tendon becomes inflamed, according to MedlinePlus. The inflammation leads to pain, tenderness and swelling around the tendon. When the condition is caused by an infection, doctors suggest immediate antibiotic treatment, and surgery is sometimes required to drain any pus build up around the tendon.
Elevating the tendon above the heart helps reduce pain and swelling, so doctors recommend propping up the affected area on a pillow or blanket, if possible, states Drugs.com. Depending on the location of the inflamed tendon, an individual may need assisting devices, such as orthotics or crutches, to move comfortably. When tenosynovitis interferes with daily function, a physical therapist may develop a treatment plan to exercise and strengthen the tendon for long-term pain management.
Tenosynovitis usually develops alongside tendinitis, or inflammation of the tendon, according to Merck Manual. This form of inflammation commonly affects the rotator cuff in the shoulder, the flexor tendons in the fingers, the Achilles tendon in the heel and the trochanter tendons in the hips. The condition is also triggered by joint diseases, such as gout and rheumatoid arthritis.