Temporal arteritis is a condition that causes inflammation in the major arteries in the head and brain, which are known as temporal arteries, according to Healthline. The condition is also known as giant cell arteritis or cranial arteritis, states Medline Plus.
The cause of temporal arteritis is unknown, though it may occur alongside another condition called polymyalgia rheumatica, according to Medline Plus. The condition is nearly exclusive to patients over 50. Symptoms include throbbing pain on the side or top of the head and pain when the scalp is touched. Patients may experience flu-like symptoms or problems with their eyesight. Indiividuals who have persistent, throbbing headaches should see their physicians immediately, as treatment is key to a good prognosis.