Techniques used in stroke recovery include hydrotherapy, selective sensory stimulation, occupational therapy and vocational therapy, explains the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Common medications doctors prescribe patients recovering from strokes include sleep medications, anti-anxiety drugs, antidepressants, anticonvulsants and dextroamphetamine, notes WebMD.
When working with stroke victims, physical therapists often focus on performing isolated movements, practicing movements that involve a lot of balance and coordination, and transitioning from one type of movement to another, states the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Hydrotherapy allows patients who do not yet possess the strength to bear their body weight to practice such movements in water. Physical therapists may also treat stroke patients with selective sensory stimulation, a technique that encourages patients mindfully to use their limbs affected by the stroke.
Stroke patients can work with occupational therapists to regain their competency in skills needed for self-directed activities, such as cooking, personal hygiene and housecleaning abilities, explains the NINDS. With the help of occupational therapists, some patients are able to adapt to driving following their strokes. Many people who experience strokes also have concerns about returning to the workforce. Vocational therapy assists individuals with residual disabilities by helping them identify career options that are compatible with their personal strengths and limitations.