Taurine is used in the treatment of cognitive heart failure by taking 2 to 3 grams of taurine by mouth one to three times a day for six to eight weeks, reports WebMD. It is also used in the treatment of hepatitis, with patients taking a daily dose for three months.
In the treatment of hepatitis, a dosage of 1.5 to 4 grams of taurine daily for three months improves liver function in people suffering from hepatitis, according to WebMD. Taurine also may be used to treat high cholesterol, cyclic fibrosis, seizure disorders, autism, attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder, disorders of the retina, diabetes and alcoholism. It is also used to improve mental performance and as an anti-oxidant, protecting cells of the body from damage caused by certain chemical reactions involving oxygen.
Taurine as an amino acid supports neurological development, which helps in the regulation of water levels and mineral salts in the blood, according to Mayo Clinic. Taurine supplementation may improve athletic performance. When combined with caffeine, taurine improves mental performance. However, this use is still under study. As a supplement, a dosage of up to 300 milligrams per day is advised. There are no reported side effects of taurine usage.