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How is T-cell lymphoma treated?

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Quick Answer

The type of T-cell lymphoma dictates the method of treatment, states the Lymphoma Research Foundation. Although treatment varies widely, standard lymphoma treatments include chemotherapy, radiation, stem cell transplants and surgery.

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Full Answer

Ultraviolet light therapy or electron beam therapy may be used for T-cell lymphomas in the skin, explains the Lymphoma Research Foundation. Drugs such as bexarotene, denileukin diftitox, romidepsin and vorinostat may also be used to treat T-cell lymphomas in the skin. In cases where T-cell lymphoma manifests through mycosis fungoides or S�zary syndrome, extracorporeal photopheresis is a treatment option. During this procedure, doctors remove blood from the patient and treat it with ultraviolet light and drugs that activate with ultraviolet light. In addition to these treatments, doctors use pralatrexate to treat recurrent peripheral T-cell lymphomas and lymphomas resistant to treatment.

Lymphoma is a blood cancer that causes an overgrowth of lymphocytes, or white blood cells, according to the Lymphoma Research Foundation. There are two types of lymphocytes that can turn into cancer: B-cells and T-cells. Different types of T-cell lymphomas include peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, angioimmunoblastic lymphoma and cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified is the most common form of T-cell lymphoma. Although it often occurs in the lymph nodes, it can be present in the liver, bone marrow, gastrointestinal tract and skin. Combination chemotherapy is the treatment of choice.

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