What Is Systolic Heart Failure?


Quick Answer

Systolic heart failure is a condition that occurs when the left side of the heart fails, states WebMD. When this occurs, the left side of the heart cannot pump blood efficiently.

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Full Answer

Commonly, systolic heart failure only affects the left chambers of the heart, claims WebMD. The left chambers of the human heart pump blood into the circulatory system for distribution throughout the body. The portion of the left side of the heart that ejects the blood into the circulatory system is the left ventricle. During systolic heart failure, the left ventricle is unable to squeeze forcefully enough to eject adequate amounts of blood into the circulatory system.

Systolic heart failure can be caused by a variety of health conditions. Coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy, high blood pressure, heart arrhythmia, and mitral valve regurgitation can all lead to systolic heart failure, states WebMD. To treat systolic heart failure, its root cause needs to be diagnosed, states Mayo Clinic.

Systolic heart failure can be treated when the underlying cause of heart failure is treated first. It also may be treated through a variety of medications such as ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, inotropes, diuretics and aldosterone antagonists. Certain surgeries and heart devices may also treat either the condition or its underlying cause, says Mayo Clinic.

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