Common symptoms of whiplash include stiffness, neck pain, headaches, fatigue, dizziness, decreased range of motion in the neck and pain that worsens when the neck is moved, states Mayo Clinic. Sufferers may also experience tingling of the arms and headaches that start at the base of the skull.
Some individuals experience pain or tenderness affecting the arms, shoulder or upper back as well as blurred vision, irritability, difficulty sleeping, ringing in the ears, memory problems, concentration problems and depression, according to Mayo Clinic. Most symptoms appear within 24 hours of the initial injury. Individuals should consult a doctor if they experience neck pain or other symptoms following an incident such as a sports injury or a car accident. The doctor can make an accurate diagnosis by ruling out serious issues such as fractures.
Although most patients experience a full recovery within several months of the injury, some patients experience pain and other symptoms for years, says Mayo Clinic. Those who experience rapid onset of symptoms, severe pain in the neck and radiating pain have a greater chance of suffering from chronic issues. Treatment options for whiplash include pain-relieving medications, ice, massage, physical therapy and mild exercises, as listed by WebMD. Although cervical collars were once a popular rehabilitation method, doctors now encourage early mobility of the neck.