Some symptoms of wet brain are confusion, ataxia and paralysis of the eyes, according to the Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation. The patient also suffers from mental disturbances that include an inability to tell fact from fiction, hallucinations and amnesia. The proper name for wet brain is Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.
The biggest cause of wet brain is a thiamine deficiency, according to the Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation and MedlinePlus. It is not curable. Though it is caused by severe alcoholism, other causes are malabsorption, AIDS, cancer, long-term dialysis or intravenous therapy without vitamin B1. Wet brain may also be a complication of bariatric surgery.
Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome is actually two diseases, according to MedlinePlus. The first disease is Wernicke encephalopathy, followed by Korsakoff syndrome. Wernicke encephalopathy is caused when the hypothalamus and the thalamus are damaged. This leads to the abnormal eye movements and lack of coordination as well as alcohol withdrawal. Wernicke encephalopathy is followed by the symptoms of Korsakoff psychosis.
A physician who suspects that a patient has wet brain may run tests and examinations that check his heart rate, blood pressure and body temperature. In Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome, the patient's heartbeat is fast, and his blood pressure and body temperature are low. The patient may also have suffered a loss of tissue mass. The doctor also checks the patient's serum albumin and vitamin B activity as well as abnormal activity in his red blood cells.