The most common symptoms of vulvodynia include burning or stinging of the vulva as well as possible soreness, aching and itching, according to WebMD, The symptoms of vulvodynia vary and can last anywhere from months to years.
These symptoms can occur either constantly or only once in a while, at rest or during exercise and activity, while sitting or while bicycling, and in one specific area or throughout the entire vulva, explains WebMD. The most common symptom is a burning pain, described by some as either a knife-like pain or like acid. Usually there are no visible symptoms, and the vulva appears normal, though occasionally it may seem inflamed or swollen.
The cause of vulvodynia is unknown; historically, doctors didn't recognize it as a real pain syndrome, notes WebMD. There are two types of vulvodynia: generalized vulvodynia, which causes pain in different areas of the vulva at different times, and vulvar vestibulitis syndrome, which causes a burning sensation in the vestibule in response to pressure or touch.
There is no cure to vulvodynia as of 2015, though certain treatment options can bring relief, advises WebMD. Women with vulvodynia should avoid chemicals or other items that may irritate the vulva. For example, avoiding contact with scented toilet paper and shampoo can prevent irritation and pain.