Symptoms of a vancomycin-resistant enterococcus infection include difficulty urinating, frequent urination, pain during urination, back pain and body aches, according to Drugs.com. The skin around a patient's wound may be warm and red, and the wound may include drainage, soreness or swelling.
The symptoms of a VRE infection vary depending on its location, and some patients experience fever, chills, diarrhea or weakness, as stated by WebMD. Patients should contact their health care provider if they experience any VRE infection symptoms, and they should seek emergency medical care if the throat is swollen, they have difficulty breathing or they experience new chest or back pain, advises Drugs.com. A stiff neck with headache, weakness and confusion also indicate a medical emergency.
If a doctor suspects a VRE infection, he may perform blood tests to identify the bacteria and decide the appropriate antibiotic to use, and he may require a stool, urine or wound sample, as stated by Drugs.com. To prevent the spread of the bacteria, patients should keep wounds clean and bandaged, wash hands often with soap and water, avoid sharing items and use a germ-killing cleaner on surfaces. Individuals have an increased risk of developing VRE infections if they are over age 55, have a weak immune system or have had surgery.