Urinary tract infection symptoms in women include pelvic pain, pain during urination and frequent urination that produces only small amounts of urine, according to Mayo Clinic. Urine may have a strong odor and appear cloudy, pink, red or brown due to the presence of blood. Fever, shaking, chills, nausea and vomiting may also occur.
Different UTI symptoms may be present depending on the part of the urinary tract that is affected, explains Mayo Clinic. If the only symptom is burning pain during urination, urethritis, or inflammation of the urethra, is the likely culprit, notes WebMD. Urethritis is usually caused by bacteria and is treated with antibiotics.
When frequent painful urination is accompanied by pelvic pressure and abdominal pain and there is blood in the urine, the patient is likely to have cystitis, which is a bladder infection, says Mayo Clinic. Often bacterial in nature, cystitis is treated with antibiotics. Sometimes cystitis is caused by other conditions or by irritants, such as catheters or feminine hygiene sprays, in which case treatment options depend on the underlying cause.
If a UTI spreads to the ureters and kidneys, the patient may experience fever, chills, nausea and vomiting, pain in the back or flank, malaise and confusion in addition to frequent, painful urination and cloudy, bloody and strong-smelling urine, according to WebMD. Left untreated, the infection has the potential to spread to the blood. Antibiotics usually cure kidney infections.