Heavy menstrual bleeding, pelvic pain, constipation, prolonged menstrual periods and frequent urination are some of the most common symptoms of uterine cysts, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms of uterine cysts may vary depending on the size and location of the cysts within the uterus, notes Healthline.
Uterine cysts, popularly known as uterine fibroids are benign tumors that originate in the uterus, notes Mayo Clinic. Uterine fibroids or cysts are classified according to their location in the uterus. They include submucosal fibroids, subserosa fibroids, pedunculated fibroids and myometrial fibroids, according to WebMD. The exact cause of uterine cysts is unknown, but there are severe factors that increase their formation, such as pregnancy, family history and hormones, states Healthline.
Although uterine cysts are not dangerous, they can cause discomfort and may result in complications, such as anemia due to heavy blood loss, reports Mayo Clinic. Submucosal fibroids in the inner cavity of the uterus often cause excessive menstrual bleeding and may make pregnancy difficult.
Medications for uterine cysts target hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle, and may include gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonists, progestin-releasing intrauterine devices and nonsteroidal inflammatory drugs that are not hormonal medications, states Healthline. Minimally invasive procedures, such as uterine artery embolization, myolysis and endometrial ablation, are sometimes recommended, notes Mayo Clinic.