Treatment steps for Type 2 diabetes include establishing and following a healthy diet, exercising regularly, taking medications per the doctor's orders and checking blood glucose levels on a regular basis. These four elements combine to keep blood sugar at normal levels, according to KidsHealth.
Type 2 diabetes involves a shift in the body's response to insulin. In normal people, the pancreas produces enough insulin to shuttle the sugar in the blood into the cells so that the sugar can provide the cells with the energy they need to perform their functions. People with Type 2 diabetes have stopped responding normally to insulin, so the sugar stays in the blood instead of going into the cells. The cells no longer have the energy they need, and sugar levels in the blood rise too high, notes KidsHealth.
People with Type 2 diabetes often have more body fat than what is healthy, so an exercise program is particularly important for them. Losing weight becomes important, so making healthy food choices and monitoring carbohydrate intake are crucial steps. Fast food and sugary items, such as baked goods and full-fat ice cream, are not healthy choices for diabetics because of their high carb counts. Going on a healthy diet does not mean starving, but it means limiting unhealthy foods and monitoring portions, states KidsHealth.