The symptoms of psoriasis include red patches of skin covered in silvery scales and dry skin that may crack and bleed, according to Mayo Clinic. Its treatment usually includes the use of topical creams, such as corticosteroid creams, for mild or moderate cases. More severe cases may require oral medications.
Additional symptoms of psoriasis include itching, burning or soreness, swollen or stiff joints, and thickened or ridged nails, according to Mayo Clinic. In children, a common symptom is the appearance of small, scaling spots. Most spots of psoriasis go through several phases, during which the disease is active for a few weeks or months before then entering a dormant phase or complete remission. During that time, psoriasis may appear similar to a few patches of dandruff. In severe cases, the disease can appear as a large eruption that covers a large area.
The most common method of treating the disease is the use of topical creams, according to Mayo Clinic. These creams usually contain either a powerful corticosteroid designed to reduce swelling or what are known as vitamin D analogues. These synthetic forms of vitamin D can slow down skin growth and can be used with other creams for treatment. Other possible treatments include phototherapy and injected or oral medicines, such as methotrexate and cyclosporine.