After exhibiting symptoms of a transient ischemic attack, such as numbness, confusion, difficulty speaking or walking, individuals may require hospitalization and treatment with medications or surgery, according to WebMD. If blockage is found in the carotid arteries, an endarterectomy may be performed to reopen them.
If a high risk of stroke is present, blood-thinning, anti-coagulant medications, such as aspirin or warfarin, may be given during inpatient observation and testing, notes WebMD. Transient ischemic attacks, or TIAs, are warnings that a stroke may follow. The symptoms are identical to those of a stroke except that they are temporary and usually cease within 20 minutes. Depending upon which region of the brain is affected, signs of a TIA in progress can include vision loss, tingling in the face or weakness in the limbs that is often confined to one side of the body. The individual may be unable to comprehend language and have sudden balance issues.
After a TIA, dietary changes and medications may be used to lower blood pressure and help control diabetes in order to prevent another TIA occurrence or a full-blown stroke, explains WebMD. An aspirin regimen may be implemented, an increase in activity levels is often suggested, and individuals who smoke are advised to stop.