Symptoms of toxemia in pregnancy include gaining weight rapidly, abdominal pain, severe headaches, excessive vomiting and changes in vision, according to WebMD. Other signs of toxemia are reflex changes, decreased urine output and dizziness. An expectant woman should seek immediate medical attention if they experience symptoms such as blurry eyesight, abdominal pain on the upper right side, high blood pressure above 140/90 and sudden face and eye inflammation.
Toxemia is now called preeclampsia, and it occurs in pregnant women, notes WebMD. The major signs are hypertension and high protein content in urine. It mostly manifests during the second trimester. Undiagnosed toxemia leads to eclampsia, which causes seizures. Early diagnosis ensures easy management. As of 2015, researchers suspect that high body fat, poor nutrition and decreased blood supply to the uterus cause toxemia. Toxemia is common in expectant teenagers, first-time pregnancies and pregnant women over 40 years of age.
Toxemia causes low birth weight, premature births and other complications in infants, such as learning disabilities, epilepsy, cerebral palsy and hearing issues, states WebMD. It causes complications such as stroke, seizures, accumulation of water in lungs, bleeding of the liver and heart failure in expectant women. It also results in placental abruption and still births. The cure for toxemia is to give birth. Doctors recommend bed rest and prescribe pressure medication for patients with toxemia.