The symptoms of takotsubo cardiomyopathy include chest pain and breath shortness, according to Mayo Clinic. The symptoms are similar to those of a heart attack and need immediate medical attention. These symptoms can be treated and the heart's normalcy restored typically in a week's time.
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy usually results from stress, notes Mayo Clinic. This condition is otherwise known as broken heart syndrome or stress cardiomyopathy, and it mainly tampers with the pumping ability of the heart temporarily, leaving other functions of the heart to continue as normal. Though it is similar to a heart attack, takotsubo cardiomyopathy does not clog the heart arteries. However, it minimizes the arterial blood flow.
The information regarding the cause of takotsubo cardiomyopathy is scarce, explains Mayo Clinic. However, people believe the condition occurs when the heart sustains damage as a result of stress hormones, which leads to constriction in the arteries. The stressful situations that predispose an individual to takotsubo cardiomyopathy include death of a loved one, job termination, frightening medical diagnosis and domestic abuse. When a person loses valuable property such as money, he may also develop takotsubo cardiomyopathy. In rare cases, drugs such as epinephrine and duloxetine may expose an individual to takotsubo cardiomyopathy.