What Are Some Symptoms of a Tailbone Cyst?


Quick Answer

Symptoms of a tailbone cyst, commonly called a pilonidal cyst, include redness of the skin, pus discharge with a foul smell, bleeding and extreme pain, states Mayo Clinic. These symptoms typically only manifest when the cyst swells to become an abscess from an infection.

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Full Answer

A tailbone cyst typically forms in the skin at the top of the cleft of the buttocks when a hair punctures and embeds itself into the skin, explains Mayo clinic. They are most common in young men and in people who spend long periods of time sitting. Other risk factors include obesity, an inactive lifestyle, coarse hair and excess body hair. To prevent tailbone cysts, it is necessary to keep the area clean, avoid extended periods of sitting, and lose weight as needed. People who have past occurrences of tailbone cysts may shave or otherwise remove hair from the area to help prevent future occurrences.

If an infected tailbone cyst occurs, the typical treatment is minor surgery, which doctors typically perform in the doctor's office, explains Mayo Clinic. After an injection of pain medication, the doctor cuts open the abscess to allow the pus and other matter inside to drain. The doctor can then leave the wound open or stitch the wound closed. An open wound requires extensive care on the part of the patient and takes longer to heal, but is less likely to have a recurrence of the cyst.

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