Redness and swelling of the skin along a vein, tenderness, pain, and darkening of the skin over a vein are symptoms of superficial thrombophlebitis, notes Healthline. Patients who suffer from additional symptoms such as fever and chills, or whose symptoms worsen, should contact a health care professional immediately.
Superficial thrombophlebitis is a condition in which veins become inflamed due to a blood clot just below the skin, states Healthline. The condition normally occurs in the legs but sometimes develops in the arms or neck. Females are more likely than males to contract superficial thrombophlebitis. Pregnancy, smoking, obesity, injections into the veins, and sitting or lying down for long periods of time are some of the risk factors associated with superficial thrombophlebitis. The condition is also associated with serious medical conditions such as cancers of the abdomen, deep vein thrombosis and blocked blood vessels in the hands and feet.
Doctors diagnose superficial thrombophlebitis by checking patients' pulse, temperature, blood flow and blood pressure, notes Healthline. They may conduct one or more tests using procedures such as magnetic resonance imaging, skin or blood cultures, Doppler ultrasound, or venography. In most cases, people can treat superficial thrombophlebitis at home by applying warm compresses and elevating the affected area. Doctors may also prescribe over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to patients suffering from superficial thrombophlebitis.