The symptoms of a superbug infection vary depending on the type of organ system infected, states MedicineNet. The problems concomitant with a superbug infection include severe pneumonia, severe urinary tract infection, high fever, septic shock, sepsis and isolating organisms that show resistance to antibiotic therapy.
Doctors use blood cultures to diagnose a superbug infection. The blood cultures contain the bacteria responsible for the infection, reports MedicineNet. They do a drug test called drug sensitivity to demonstrate if the organism is antibiotic-resistant. An antibiotic superbug is one whose growth does not experience significant inhibition even with the introduction of several antibiotics. To determine which type of bacterium is responsible for the patient's infection, the doctors perform a polymerase chain reaction test.
Patients who are on antibiotics or have had a procedure involving a medical device are at a higher risk of contracting the superbug infection than the healthy ones, reports WebMD. Most healthy people do not become ill when exposed to the bacteria. Duodenoscopes are the devices that doctors link to the spread of the superbug infection. Doctors use the devices in more than 500,000 procedures a year in the United States, as per the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.