Symptoms of strep throat include a severe and sudden sore throat, painful or difficult swallowing, fever in excess of 101 degrees Fahrenheit, yellow or white spots on the tonsils or in the throat, swollen lymph nodes or tonsils and a bright red throat or the appearance of red spots on the roof of the mouth. According to WebMD, a rough rash may also spread over the chest, neck and body.
Strep throat is caused by the Streptococcus pyogenes bacterium, which is sometimes referred to as group A strep. This bacteria is very contagious and can be spread through airborne droplets from the sneeze or cough of an infected person. It can also be passed along by sharing food or drink or by touching a surface or doorknob that has been exposed to the bacteria, notes Mayo Clinic.
Treatment for strep throat involves a course of antibiotics. Penicillin and amoxicillin are the antibiotics of choice. Mayo Clinic notes that doctors may also prescribe clindamycin, azithromycin, clarithromycin or cephalexin to treat strep throat. Doctors may also suggest that those battling strep throat take over-the-counter pain relievers to reduce fever and alleviate symptoms of throat pain. Advil, Motrin IB or Tylenol are recommended.