Common symptoms of spinal tuberculosis include back pain, spinal deformities, tenderness of the spine, cold abscesses and paraplegia, according to The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. Someone with spinal tuberculosis may also develop night sweats, lose weight, suffer from a diminished appetite, have body aches and experience fatigue.Continue Reading
To treat spinal tuberculosis, the World Health Organization recommends an initial intensive phase of treatment that lasts for two months, notes The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. During this time, doctors administer a combination of pyrazinamide, rifampicin, isoniazid and streptomycin. For the second phase of treatment, which lasts for four months, doctors give isoniazid and rifampicin to patients; however, the World Health Organization also recognizes that nine months of treatment may be necessary because it can be difficult to assess how the patient responds to treatment. An estimated 82 to 95 percent of patients who receive treatment for spinal tuberculosis respond well to treatment.
Different organizations have varying treatment recommendations, explains The Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine. The American Thoracic Society suggests six months of chemotherapy to treat adult spinal tuberculosis and 12 months to treat spinal tuberculosis in children. Meanwhile, the British Thoracic Society uses the same recommendations for the six-month course of treatment as the World Health Organization; however, some experts prefer treatment to last up to 12 to 24 months or until there is evidence that the disease responded to treatment.Learn more about Conditions & Diseases