Depending on the person, Sjogrenﾒs syndrome may cause dry mouth, increased dental decay, dry or gritty eyes, dry nose, and dry throat, the Sjogrenﾒs Syndrome Foundation states. As a systemic condition, Sjogrenﾒs syndrome can trigger wide-ranging symptoms such as a cracked tongue, peeling lips, dry skin, fatigue and joint pain.
Vaginal dryness, dry cough, skin rashes and swollen salivary glands are other possible symptoms of Sjogrenﾒs syndrome, according to Mayo Clinic. Persistent dry mouth often creates the feeling of tasting cotton, making it difficult to speak or swallow comfortably. Sjogrenﾒs syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that impairs the functionality of tear ducts and mucous membranes throughout the body. The condition causes the immune system to destroy healthy cells, which may lead to tissue damage in areas such as the kidneys, nerves, lungs and thyroid.
The severity and symptoms of Sjogrenﾒs syndrome vary depending on the location of tissue damage, MedicineNet notes. For example, inflammation in the airways increases the risk of developing lung infections, while inflamed tear glands may lead to eye infections or corneal damage. Individuals with inflamed salivary glands are prone to chronic dry mouth, which opens the door to more serious dental issues such as gum disease, mouth sores and cavities. Doctors havenﾒt discovered a cure for Sjogrenﾒs syndrome, as of 2015, so treatment emphasizes infection prevention and symptom management.