Pain or pressure in the face, nasal congestion and discharge, loss of smell and coughing are some symptoms of sinus problems, according to WebMD. Fever, halitosis, fatigue and tooth pain are some other possible symptoms.
Sinusitis develops when the lining of the sinuses becomes inflamed or swollen, explains WebMD. Air usually fills the sinuses, but when fluid accumulates in them due to blockage, infection can develop. Allergies, nasal polyps and the common cold can cause the sinuses to become blocked. Some people may be more susceptible to developing sinusitis if they have structural differences that result in narrowed drainage ducts or they have a compromised immune system.
Smoking and frequent infections can predispose adults to sinus problems, notes WebMD. Children may develop sinus issues by breathing secondhand smoke, being exposed to other children who are ill, using pacifiers or drinking from a bottle while lying on the back.
Inhaling warm, moist air and applying warm compresses to the face may help alleviate sinusitis symptoms, states WebMD. Saline nose drops, non-prescription nasal sprays and oral decongestants may help as well. If an infection is present, a doctor can prescribe antibiotics or antifungals, and antihistamines can help if allergies are the cause of sinus problems. A doctor may recommend surgery if the sinuses remain blocked despite more conservative treatments, or if there is a structural abnormality that hinders sinus drainage.