Symptoms and signs of paralytic ileus include constipation, bloating, diarrhea, and nausea that may come along with or without vomiting, states Healthgrades. Abdominal pain, stomach spasms, distension and abdominal swelling may also signal that a person has paralytic ileus. Paralytic ileus is an obstruction in the bowel that occurs due to improper functioning of intestinal nerves and muscles.
Breath odor is another symptom of paralytic ileus, explains Healthgrades. Extreme abdominal spasms, swelling and pain are signs of a severe paralytic ileus that requires immediate medical attention, according to Healthgrades. Other serious symptoms include an inability to pass gas or have bowel movements.
Certain medications, including sedatives and opiates; botulism, which is poisoning with botulinum; inflammation of the bowel, also known as gastroenteritis; blockage of the mesenteric artery; and electrolyte imbalance in the body may cause paralytic ileus, according to Healthgrades. Certain medications, stomach cancers, certain infections and muscle diseases may predispose a person to the condition.
Treatment options include taking medications to improve muscle contractions that move food to different parts of the digestive tract, changing diet and using intravenous lines to administer fluids, states Healthgrades. Hospitalization may help stabilize the condition. If left untreated, paralytic ileus can cause renal impairment and death of tissues that may lead to amputation.