Symptoms of sarcoidosis often include fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, weight loss, shortness of breath and chest pain, according to Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms include fever, dry cough that does not resolve, rash of red or purple bumps, and lesions or sores on the nose or cheeks.
Sarcoidosis is a medical condition that develops due to body tissue inflammation, explains MedicineNet. Although it generally begins in the lungs or lymph nodes, it can appear in most organs. Microscopic lumps, called granulomas, appear in the affected tissues resulting in inflammation and associated symptoms. While the lumps tend to clear up during treatment, in some cases the granulomas remain and cause tissue scarring. Experts do not know what causes sarcoidosis or how it spreads throughout the body, but it is an autoimmune disease that results in an irregular immune response, notes WebMD.
Although there is no cure for sarcoidosis, there are varying treatment options, depending on the scope and severity of the condition. To the extent symptoms are minor, treatment may not be necessary, and the condition can go away on its own, states Mayo Clinic. Other treatment options include medications, such as corticosteroids, anti-rejection medications, antimalarial medications and tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors. In severe cases, organ transplant may be necessary for irreparably damaged lungs or liver.
Another symptom that characterizes this condition is a development of irregular heartbeat. This means the heart may miss some beats. Seizures, meningitis, swelling of the joints, hearing loss and blurred vision are also other symptoms that may develop in time.
A large number of people with this condition may not have obvious signs and symptoms. The signs and symptoms of this condition may also differ depending on the age, gender, ethnic background and organs affected, according to the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.