Bleeding from the rectum is the main sign of a hemorrhoid rupture, according to Los Angeles Colon and Rectal Surgical Associates. The patient is likely to notice bright red blood passing in his stool when a hemorrhoidal vein ruptures in the anal canal. This is not usually a serious problem, and the rupture heals with home care over the course of several days.
A ruptured hemorrhoid is a tear that occurs in the wall of a blood vessel that results in blood entering the rectum. It occurs as a result of excessive pressure on veins within the anus that have weakened due to infection, medications, development of fatty tissue or certain lifestyle choices, explains Los Angeles Colon and Rectal Surgical Associates. Constipation that leads to straining to pass stool can cause a ruptured hemorrhoid. Sitting for extended periods of time, pregnancy and being overweight also put pressure on the anus and increase the chances of a ruptured hemorrhoid.
Soaking the anus in a warm bath, applying over-the-counter hemorrhoid creams and using medicated towelettes are ways to treat ruptured hemorrhoids, states Los Angeles Colon and Rectal Surgical Associates. Lying down and elevating the feet helps alleviate pressure on the hemorrhoids, and applying ice packs and taking over-the-counter pain medications ease pain and swelling.