Symptoms of gout include heat, swelling and discomfort in a joint, usually at night and in intense bursts, according to WebMD. Remedies include anti-inflammatory medications as well as medications that facilitate the removal of uric acid from the body and block the production of uric acid, notes Mayo Clinic.
The most common joint that gout attacks first is a big toe, in a condition known as podagra. The skin around the joint often turns red or purple and looks infected. Gout limits the mobility of the joint, and as the gout improves, skin around the joint often itches and peels. In some cases, gout symptoms are less severe but also last for longer periods of time, resembling arthritis. The first appearance also shows up sometimes as nodules on the ears, elbows and hands, called tophi, without any other symptoms, as stated by WebMD.
Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory medications such as naproxen sodium and ibuprofen are common treatments for the discomfort of gout. If these do not work, doctors frequently recommend colchicine and corticosteroids, depending on the patient's tolerance. Prescription xanthine oxidase inhibitors keep the body from creating as much uric acid, and probenecid helps the kidneys drain uric acid from the body more efficiently, as stated by Mayo Clinic.