The symptoms of rectocele include tissue bulge protrusion through the vaginal opening, constipation, pain during sexual intercourse and rectal pain, claims Drugs.com. Other symptoms of rectocele are a feeling that the rectum has not completely emptied after a bowel movement, rectal pressure and low back pain.
Rectocele occurs when processes such as childbirth exert pressure on fascia, which is a fibrous tissue between the rectum and vagina, explains MayoClinic. The pressure causes the front wall of the rectum to bulge into the vagina, resulting in rectocele. Aside from childbirth, causes of rectocele can be chronic constipation, repetitive heavy lifting and chronic cough, claims Drugs.com.
Roctocele occurs mostly in older women who have experienced multiple vaginal deliveries. Such women can also experience cystocele and uterine prolapse, states Drugs.com
Although larger rectoceles trigger symptoms, small rectoceles may not cause any symptoms, especially if the bulge is less than 1 inch, notes Drugs.com. To diagnose rectocele, a doctor can conduct a gynecological and rectal examination, which involves asking the patient to strain, causing the rectocele to bulge, explains Drugs.com. The doctor can then be able to see the size and location of the rectocele inside the vagina. After diagnosis, the doctor can perform surgery to repair the weak fascia.