Symptoms of prostate infection may appear suddenly and include a frequent urge to urinate, difficulty urinating, pain or burning during urination, and chills and fever, according to WebMD. Swelling and pain in the groin may also occur.
The cause of infection of the prostate is not completely understood, according to WebMD. Bacteria that causes the infection of the prostate, or prostatitis, may enter the prostate from the urethra by backward flow of infected urine or stool. It is believed that only a small number of cases of infection are passed through sex. A person is at higher risk for prostatitis if they have recently had a medical instrument inserted, engaged in rectal intercourse, have an abnormal urinary tract, or have had a recent bladder infection or an enlarged prostate.
Treatment of infection of the prostate varies among urologists and is often tailored to the particular type of prostatitis a patient has. The most conservative treatment for chronic prostatitis involves anti-inflammatory drugs along with warm sitz baths, reports WebMD. Antibiotics can be used for infectious prostatits, but these drugs are not effective for noninfectious prostatitis. Pain medications and muscle relaxants are also used to alleviate pain. Severe cases of chronic prostatitis, or cases in which swollen prostates are blocking the flow of urine, may require surgical removal of the infected portion of the prostate. Even if the condition cannot be fully cured, patients can usually receive relief from symptoms by working with a doctor and following the recommended treatment.