Symptoms of prostatitis include pain or burning during urination; difficulty urinating; a frequent or urgent need to urinate; and pain in the genitals or groin, according to Mayo Clinic. When prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection, flu-like symptoms may also be experienced.
Prostatitis is an inflammation or swelling of the prostate gland, explains Mayo Clinic. Most common among men under the age of 50, prostatitis can be caused by a bacterial infection or a number of other determinants. In many cases, the exact causes of prostatitis cannot be identified.
Symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis are frequently severe, reports WebMD. In addition to pain in the genital region and during urination, men with this type of prostatitis often experience fever, chills, nausea and vomiting. Expeditious treatment of this condition is required to avoid bladder infections, abscesses in the prostate gland and obstruction of the flow of urine. Treatment of acute bacterial prostatitis usually includes intravenous antibiotics, fluids and pain medication.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis develops when the prostate gland is affected by recurrent urinary tract infections. This condition can be present for extended periods of time before manifesting symptoms similar to those produced by acute cases but are generally less severe. Chronic nonbacterial prostatitis accounts for 90 percent of prostatitis cases and is typically accompanied by inflammation and genital and urinary pain over a period of several months, explains WebMD.