Some of the most common symptoms of prostate cancer include a frequent need for urination, difficulty controlling urine flow, weakened urine flow, painful urination, painful ejaculation or difficulty getting an erection. However, many cases of prostate cancer present no symptoms and are only diagnosed through a routine checkup with a medical professional, according to the Prostate Cancer Foundation.
Prostate cancer occurs when a mass of abnormal cells known as a tumor forms in the prostate, and it is the most common non-skin cancer in the United States. As of 2014, it affects roughly 3 million men, notes the Prostate Cancer Foundation. Older men, African American men and those with a family history of prostate cancer are most at risk of contracting the disease. To catch the cancer in its early stages, men are recommended to schedule a yearly rectal exam and PSA test, especially if they are at a higher risk due to the aforementioned factors.
According to the Prostate Cancer Foundation, the course of treatment chosen depends on the patient's life circumstances, need for therapy and level of risk. Some of the most common treatment methods include prostatectomy, radiation therapy, hormone therapy and chemotherapy. No particular treatment method has been shown to be effective for all patients.