The signs and symptoms of advanced prostate cancers include blood in the urine; difficulty urinating, such as an increased frequency of urination at night or a weak urinary stream; chest, back or hip pain; and erectile dysfunction, according to the American Cancer Society. Symptoms typically do not manifest during the early stages of prostate cancer.
The signs and symptoms of prostate cancer are common in other health conditions, which is why a person should consult a physician if he experiences these symptoms, notes the American Cancer Society. For instance, urinating problems are more common among patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia than cancer.
Early detection of prostate cancer, particularly when the cancer affects only the prostate gland and has not spread to other areas, increases a patient's chances of successful treatment, explains Mayo Clinic. Prostate cancer often develops gradually and remains harmless when restricted to the prostate gland, requiring mild or no treatment. However, other types of prostate cancer tend to spread rapidly.
A prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, blood test and a digital rectal exam can possibly detect early prostate cancer, reports the American Cancer Society. Doctors may recommend retaking a PSA test or undergoing a prostate biopsy to further confirm the presence of cancer. In addition to prostate cancer, factors that can lead to a higher PSA level include old age, an enlarged prostate or prostatitis.