Most women with a prolapsed bladder first notice some tissue in the vagina that many say feels like a ball, according to WebMD. Other symptoms include feeling like the bladder doesn't completely empty, pelvic pain, low back pain, urinary tract infections, and urinary leakage while sneezing, coughing or exercising.
The symptoms that women may experience often depends on how far the bladder droops into the vagina, WebMD explains. Those with a mild case may not experience any symptoms at all. The condition is graded one to four in terms of severity, ranging from grade 1, in which only a small part of the bladder is protruding into the vagina, to grade 4, where the bladder protrudes completely.
Prolapsed bladders are most frequently caused by childbirth, WebMD states. Stress on the vaginal muscles, which hold the bladder in place, may cause the bladder to collapse. Another primary cause is menopause. Before menopause, the hormone estrogen keeps vaginal muscles strong. When women's bodies stop producing estrogen, the muscles begin to weaken. Strain created by long-term constipation, lifting heavy objects or prolonged coughing can also cause a prolapsed bladder.
Women who suspect they have prolapsed bladder should seek treatment, advises WebMD. Other organs in the pelvis may also prolapse or other complications may result without treatment. A prolapsed bladder will not heal on its own.