Symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome include irregular periods, polycystic ovaries and excess androgen, reports Mayo Clinic. Patients may experience sleep apnea, pelvic pain and weight gain around the waist, according to the Office on Women’s Health.
The most common symptom of polycystic ovary syndrome is irregular periods, explains Mayo Clinic. The patient's cycle may last more than 35 days, and she may have fewer than eight menstrual cycles in a year. Some women fail to menstruate for months, while others have scant or heavy periods that last longer than normal.
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome may have elevated levels of androgen or male hormones, reports Mayo Clinic. Physical symptoms of excess androgen include male-pattern baldness, adult acne and excess body and facial hair.
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome have cysts in their ovaries, explains the Office on Women’s Health. Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common cause of infertility in women. This is because women who have polycystic ovary syndrome do not ovulate every month, explains MedicineNet. Some have recurrent miscarriages, according to WebMD.
Polycystic ovary syndrome may cause too much insulin and insulin resistance, notes WebMD. These symptoms may lead to skin tags and upper body obesity. Other symptoms include oily skin, dandruff, anxiety and depression, according to the Office on Women’s Health.
There is no test to diagnose PCOS; rather, the diagnosis is exclusive, or, in other words, all other possibilities are ruled out. Certain exams may be performed for diagnosis, including physical exams, pelvic exams, blood tests and ultrasounds.