What Are Some Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease in Adults?


Quick Answer

The symptoms of polycystic kidney disease in adults include abdominal pain, blood in urine, high blood pressure, kidney stones and urinary tract infections, says WebMD. Polycystic kidney disease can lead to chronic kidney disease, resulting in exhaustion, shortness of breath, itchy skin and feelings of illness.

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Polycystic kidney disease that manifests in adults is called autosomal dominant PKD, ADPKD or adult PKD, states Healthline. Although the disease doesn't show up until a person turns 30 or 40, the symptoms are similar to PKD. The symptoms start with abdomen tenderness, frequent urination, and flank and side pain and move to paleness, skin bruises, joint pain and nail abnormalities. Patients with PKD can develop other health complications, such as aneurysms, liver and pancreas cysts, blindness and liver disease.

Although there is no cure for polycystic kidney disease, the symptoms can be managed with medication and surgical treatments, explains Healthline. Pain medication, blood pressure drugs and antibiotics can treat the infections and other issues associated with the disease. Diuretics are used to remove extra fluid. Surgery is needed to drain cysts, while a low-sodium diet helps to keep the kidneys functioning. Although PKD eventually leads to kidney disease and kidney failure, proper treatment can relieve symptoms for years, and patients can become candidates for kidney transplants.

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