Symptoms of periodontal gum disease include gums that feel tender to the touch, loose teeth, bad breath and a bad taste in the mouth, according to Mayo Clinic. Some people with periodontal gum disease may have purple or bright red gums that may become swollen.
Another symptom of periodontal gum disease is pus between the teeth and gums, notes Mayo Clinic. Some people with periodontal gum disease may have teeth that no longer fit together properly, or new spaces may develop between them. Periodontal gum disease may cause the gums to recede, which makes teeth look longer than usual. Gums that are diseased may appear puffy, and they may bleed easily.
Periodontal gum disease can cause other health problems, so it is important to seek dental care as quickly as possible, states Mayo Clinic. Healthy gums should be firm to the touch, and they should be a light pink color.
Brushing and flossing every day reduces plaque, which is believed to be the main cause of periodontal gum disease, notes Mayo Clinic. Gingivitis is the earliest stage of periodontal gum disease. The most prominent symptom of gingivitis is when the area of gum at the base of teeth becomes inflamed and irritated. Gingivitis is caused by tartar and plaque not being removed.