Symptoms of a pelvic mass include pain during menstruation, pain while urinating, a mild ache in the lower back and pain during sex. Gaining weight, vomiting, frequent urination and abdominal pain are other signs of a pelvic mass, according to WebMD.
Routine pelvic exams ascertain the presence of pelvic masses. Pelvic masses cause problems when they bleed and rupture. Doctors examine them because sometimes they indicate the presence of ovarian cancer. Diagnostic tests that look for pelvic masses include ultrasound, CT scan, MRI scan and laparoscopy. Pelvic masses occur mostly during childbearing years. Types of pelvic masses include polycystic ovaries, cystadenomas and dermoid cysts, reports WebMD.
Tender breasts, painful bowel movements, irregular menstruation and abdominal inflammation are other symptoms of a pelvic mass. A person with a pelvic mass who experiences symptoms such as extreme pelvic and abdominal pain, lightheadedness, rapid breathing, and weakness should immediately seek medical attention. Treatment options for pelvic masses include taking birth control, hysterectomy and endometrial ablation, says Florida Hospital Medical Group.
Oral contraceptives stop ovulation. Therefore, women taking them rarely have pelvic masses. Factors increasing the risk of developing pelvic masses include age advancement and ovarian cancer. The type of treatment depends on the age of a person and the size of the mass, according to MedicineNet.