The two types of parathyroid gland problems can both cause fatigue, weakness, depression, abdominal pain and memory problems, according to Mayo Clinic. Other symptoms vary widely, however, depending on whether a person suffers from hyperparathyroidism or hypoparathyroidism.
Hyperparathyroidism is a condition where the four parathyroid glands in the neck produce too much parathyroid hormone, explains Mayo Clinic. Blood tests often reveal the condition before symptoms become apparent. When present, hyperparathyroid symptoms include fragile bones, bone pain, joint pain and malaise. Kidney stones, excessive urination, nausea and vomiting may also occur. These symptoms arise because an overabundance of parathyroid hormone results in too much calcium in the blood.
Hypoparathyroidism is the condition where the body produces too little parathyroid hormone. Common symptoms of this condition include dry skin, coarse skin, headaches and brittle nails, according to Mayo Clinic. Mood swings, painful menstruation, patchy hair loss and headaches may be present as well. Tingling or burning can occur in the lips, fingertips or tips of the toes.
Muscle twitches and spasms around the mouth are common, with similar symptoms less common in the throat, arms and hands, and muscle cramping or aches in the face, legs or feet can occur as well. These symptoms result from too little calcium and too much phosphorus in the blood, notes Mayo Clinic.