Symptoms of papillary thyroid carcinoma include a palpable lump in the neck, trouble swallowing, pain in the neck and throat, swollen lymph nodes and changes to the voice, such as hoarseness, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms are usually not noticeable in the early stages of the disease but become apparent as the disease progresses.
Papillary thyroid carcinoma, or papillary thyroid cancer, is the most common form of thyroid cancer, notes Endocrineweb. It mostly affects women age 30 to 50 and accounts for approximately 85 percent of thyroid cancers. While it is the most common type of thyroid cancer, it remains among the most treatable. The etiology of papillary thyroid carcinoma is unclear; it's a slowly progressive cancer that typically begins in one lobe of the thyroid and can spread to other parts of the body if not treated early, usually to the bones and lungs. As the disease is often asymptomatic, patients only find out they have it when they visit a doctor.
Diagnosing the condition usually involves several methods, including removing a sample of cells using a fine needle aspiration biopsy; imaging tests, such as ultrasounds and CT scans; and blood tests, explains Endocrineweb. Treating papillary thyroid carcinoma depends on the scope and severity of the condition, but can involve surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid or removal of lymph nodes in the neck, according to Mayo Clinic. Other treatment options include thyroid hormone therapy, radioactive iodine, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.