Individuals with overactive bladder syndrome experience an involuntary loss of urine accompanied by sudden urges to urinate, urinate more than eight times within a 24-hour period and have difficulty controlling urges to urinate, according to Mayo Clinic. Patients with an overactive bladder typically wake several times throughout the night to urinate.
Patients who have difficulty controlling urine due to an overactive bladder may experience depression and isolate themselves out of fear of experiencing an accident. Many individuals begin to make lifestyle adjustments that keep them close to a restroom or that inhibit them from leaving home or comfortable quarters. Overactive bladder syndromes affect approximately 13 million people in the United States as of 2015, reports Healthline.
Overactive bladder syndrome occurs when an involuntary contraction of the bladder muscles creates an urgent need to urinate, explains Mayo Clinic. Medical conditions such as an obstruction in the bladder outflow, poor kidney function, neurological disorders, and tumors or bladder stones can cause bladder muscles to involuntarily contract. People who consume excess alcohol or caffeine and those suffering from constipation are at risk for overactive bladder syndrome. Disabilities that make walking difficult and declining cognitive function attributed to aging can also lead to bladder urgency.