Symptoms of an ovarian cyst may include a feeling of heaviness in the abdomen, frequent or difficult urination, pelvic area pain, nausea, and breast tenderness, according to Mayo Clinic. Symptoms are most noticeable with large ovarian cysts.
Many times ovarian cysts do not cause symptoms, according to WebMD. Additional symptoms that may occur include weight gain, loss of appetite, painful or abnormal menstruation, painful sexual intercourse, and a dull, lower backache. A woman experiencing any symptoms of an ovarian cyst should visit a doctor because the symptoms can signal a significant health concern. These symptoms can indicate the presence of ovarian tumors, which may be cancerous.
A woman experiencing sudden, severe pain in the abdominal or pelvic area, symptoms of shock or pain along with vomiting or a fever needs immediate medical care, according to Mayo Clinic. These symptoms signal a medical emergency.
The most common type of ovarian cysts are functional cysts, which form during ovulation, according to WebMD. Other types and causes of ovarian cysts are dermoid cysts, cystadenomas, polycystic ovaries and endometriosis.
The types of ovarian tumors are germ cell tumors, stromal tumors and epithelial cell tumors, according to WebMD. If the ovarian tumor is cancerous, the cancer has often spread before it is discovered. Risk factors for ovarian cancer include obesity, smoking, older age, using hormone replacement therapy and taking fertility drugs. A woman also has increased risk for ovarian cancer if she has not had children, has not breast-fed, or has ovarian, colorectal or breast cancer in her family or personal background.